In 1963, Francis X. Klaes published a monograph, "Die Varieties of Morgan Silver Dollars". This preceded Leroy Van Allen's first published work by 2 years, and the first edition of the VAM book by 8. The Klaes book is a mere 26 pages and contains only 51 varieties, but it shows us an early glimpse of what Klaes found to be "one of the most fascinating, but least explored aspects of Morgan dollar collecting." I've gone through the Klaes book and converted his entries to VAM numbers that now represent them. Many of the varieties here you will recognize from popular lists now being collected, and chances are people that have been collecting these lists have most of those here. Some comprise many VAM numbers, simply comparing mint mark sizes. The Klaes book is still available on the used book market if you would like to add a historic work to your VAM library, and it is not expensive.

Fig # in Klaes

Corresponding VAM #
Description in Klaes
1
1878 8TF
VAM 16
Dbl "LIBERTY" and stars
2 (and 4)
1878 8TF
VAM 18
Dbl "LIBERTY", date, and stars
3 (and 5)
1878 8TF
VAM 7
Dbl letters, date, and stars
6
1878 7/8TF
VAM 36, 37
Normal Die
7
1878 7/8TF
VAM 44
Doubled leaves and date
8 (and 9)
1878 7TF
VAM 169
Normal 7TF PAF, dbl stars, letters, 1, LIBERTY
10
1878 7TF
VAM 81
Some doubled stars and letters
11
1878 7TF
VAM 210 (any C2)
Normal die
12
1878-S
VAM 6
Some doubled stars and letters
13
1878-CC
VAM 6, 18
Dbl leaves, date, and some stars
14
1879-S
Rev. 78
PAF
15
1879-S
Rev. 79
SAF
16
1879-O
any Medium O
Small O
17
1879-O
any Large O
Large O
18
1880-S
any Medium S
Small S
19
1880-S
any Large S
Large S
20
1880-O
any Micro O
Small O
21
1880-O
any Medium O
Large O
22
1880-CC
VAM 4
PAF
23
1880-CC
VAM 6, 8
SAF, Small CC
24
1880-CC
VAM 3
SAF, Large CC
25
1882-O
VAM 7
Centered O over low O
26
1882-O
VAM 13, 14
Centered O over slanting O
27
1882-O
VAM 3
Possible O over O
28
1882-O
VAM 4
Possible O over S
29
1884
VAM 3
Large dot
30
1884
VAM 4
Small dot
31
1886-O
VAM 1A
"E" on rev.
32
1887-O
VAM 2
Shifted date and doubled 7
33
1888-O
VAM 4
Doubled head
34
1889-O
VAM 1A
"E" on rev.
35
1891-O
VAM 1A
"E" on rev.
36
1893
VAM 4
Some doubled stars
37
1896-O
VAM 4
Small O
38
1896-O
any authentic
Large O
39
1899-S
any Medium S
Narrow S
40
1899-S
any Wide S
Wide S
41
1899-O
any Micro O
Small O
42
1899-O
any Medium O
Large O
43
1900-S
any Medium S
Narrow S
44
1900-S
any Wide S
Wide S
45
1900-O
VAM 5
Small O
46
1900-O
any Medium O
Large O
48
1900-O/CC
VAM 12
O over centered CC
49
1900-O/CC
VAM 7, 10
O over low CC
50
1901
VAM 3
Shifted eagle
51
1902-O
VAM 3, 96
Small O
52
1902-O
any authentic
Large O
54
1903-S
VAM 2
Small S
55
1903-S
any Wide S
Large S
56
1921
VAM 41B
Numerous die scratches
Figure 10 shows an obverse from either VAM 81, 33, or 30, but since it is an early die state listed as 7TF, it must be VAM 81. Figure 47 shows a 1900-O with strike doubling on the mint mark, and is not included. Figure 53 was skipped in the original printing, but some books have correction tape renumbering figures 54 through 56 as 53 through 55.